Wednesday, August 26, 2020


STUDIES ON USE OF AQUATIC MACROPHYTES FOR evacuation of pollut papers Since the most recent decade Effluent Treatment Plant has become a coordinated piece of every single industry that arranges off wastewater. Just businesses as well as Domestic and Municipal waste likewise must be treated before arranging as every one of these effluents contain pathogenic microorganisms, harmful natural For expulsion of these synthetic compounds different customary techniques are utilized. However, these strategies were seen as uneconomical and without ordinary support, the procedures are sensitive and inclined to disappointment. Also, these techniques can't be applied where volume of emanating is low similar to the city squander in country zones. Lower the amount of wastewater, higher is its expense of treatment per liter. Accordingly, in the vast majority of its cases it is left untreated and that prompts flare-up of water borne infections. To every one of these issues Biotechnology has brought one least difficult, most effortless 5. It can be applied in fluctuated conditions and condition. It is discovered that the macrophytes play out a few unique capacities: 1. Take up minerals subsequently bringing down poisonousness of the emanating. 2. Transporting from environment to root zone encouraging air circulation of the profluent. 3. Provide substrate for microbial movement. 4. Remove Nitrates, Phosphates, sulfates, Ca, Mg, K 5. Remove substantial metals like Cu, Pb, Cd, and so on that can't be totally expelled by traditional techniques. Since the presentation of this procedure 10 years back, it was fundamentally utilized for auxiliary and tertiary treatment of sewage. Nonetheless, later it was seen as similarly impact ... <!

Saturday, August 22, 2020

A Current Look at Japans Financial and Political Risk essays

A Current Look at Japans Financial and Political Risk articles A Current Look at Japans Financial and Political Risk A worldwide organization faces various sorts of dangers monetary, lawful, political, and serious. The nature and seriousness of such dangers are not the equivalent for all nations. A worldwide organization is in a situation to oversee such dangers adequately by arranging and executing techniques planned for diffusing danger. By keeping a bosom of news-breaking improvements, and not effectively overlooking the previous, a universal organization will be able to accomplish fruitful utilization of vital hazard the executives in the worldwide business condition. In the previous five years, causing them a deep sense of disfavor, Japan has succumbed to various budgetary outrages. Also, inside the previous month of April their committed pioneer, Prime Minister Keizo Obuchi, endured a hazardous stroke. These huge occasions upset the worldwide economy, all things considered, and brought a recently discovered thankfulness for worldwide key hazard the board. For those International organizations, with activities in Japan, that had the option to viably deal with their advantages among the emerging improvements were then ready to stay away from, or limit, chance presentation. For the individuals who couldn't deliberately deal with their hazard presentation the results were extreme. In October of 1995 the subtleties of the Japanese financial embarrassment started to disentangle as Toshihide Iguchis, a representative of Daiwa Bank, vouched for U.S. Region Judge Michael Mukasey. Not exclusively did Toshihide Iguchi confessing to concealing $1.1 billion in misfortunes he had brought about Daiwa Banks New York activities, he likewise recounted how he had gotten more than $500,000 in remuneration for such a shameful errand. This advancement dumbfounded the whole world and would demonstrate to nearly wreck the once solid notoriety of the Japanese financial industry. He went further in his declaration to embroil that senior administrators, at the universes thirteenth biggest bank, were associated with a c... <!

Thursday, August 13, 2020

How to Turn Resume Duties into Accomplishments

How to Turn Resume Duties into Accomplishments How do you want to present yourself to the hiring manager when you apply for a new job? You would definitely want to portray your accomplishments to the interviewer rather than plainly explaining what your responsibilities in your last organization were.You want to explicitly narrate what you have achieved in your career to the recruiter. One of the best methods of highlighting your achievements is to list them one by one on your resume.In fact, writing accomplishment statements on your resume is a proven method to impress the hiring managers and increase your chances of getting hired.After all, you want to show all the amazing things you did for your previous employers. It also gives the interviewer a fair idea of what you can do for them. On the other hand, just putting your weekly assignments on your resume is not going to make any such impression.Most people fail to recognize the difference between job duties and achievements. As a matter of fact, it is really difficult to conver t duties into accomplishments in the first place.Therefore, most of the modern resumes still read like job descriptions.However, creating good curriculum vitae can become a piece of cake for you once you manage to understand the difference between your job duties and achievements. Following is our step-by-step guide to convert those bullet points on your resume into your biggest bragging points. So, grab your resume now and get going.DIFFERENCE BETWEEN RESUME DUTIES AND ACCOMPLISHMENTS  First of all, it is imperative for you to grasp how your accomplishments differ from your resume duties especially before you start writing your resume.You need to draw a line where your duties end and accomplishments begin because both these sections must be the part of your resume as well.However, many resume writers struggle to accomplish this task. This is because many achievements often seem to be your duties and vice versa.You have to take great care when you determine which experiences and ski lls you have gained in your previous roles fall under the category of duties and which of them fall under the category of accomplishments.This will definitely enable you to present your skills, duties, accomplishments and experiences in a more professional and appealing manner to the interviewer.So, what actually constitutes duties and achievements in a work place? Following lines throw some light on both of them.What are Achievements in a Workplace?There are various definitions of achievement. It means attaining something through skills, effort, courage and experiences. It also means doing a remarkable feat. Achievement also means a task you have accomplished after putting a lot of hard work and using your abilities. Above definitions clearly draw a line between achievements and duties. An accomplishment is something you have achieved through extreme hard work or outside sources which you cannot have access to in your office.For instance, various types of trainings and classes you have taken to acquire new skills and improve you already have can be classified as achievements. Achievement is something you have attained by going out of the way and through sheer effort and dedication.For instance, the diploma or degree you acquired after studying for a couple of years in the college is the proof of your achievement.On the other hand, completing assignments, attending classes and passing tests to attain the degree were part of your responsibilities. You had to perform these duties to achieve something you so dearly wanted that is your college degree or diploma.What are Duties in a Workplace?You must thoroughly analyze your position and go through its detail if you want to understand the difference between your duties and achievements.What were your responsibilities in your current and past roles? What tasks were regularly assigned to you? What were you supposed to do days in and days out?You would definitely be able to compile a huge list of your responsibilities with regards to your position if you sit down and put some thought on what you have been doing all those years.Now let’s say that your boss in one of your previous companies promoted you to a management position only after six months because you fulfilled your responsibilities so brilliantly.Your promotion in this particular case is your achievement and all the responsibilities you followed through to get the promotion can be classified as your duties.Tell the Hiring Manager what He Does Not Know AlreadyIn simple words, the duties are how you perform a task and achievements are how well you perform them. The difference seems minimal but many people just fail to grasp it.The end goal you want to attain is your achievement. Responsibilities on the other hand are all the things you have to do to attain that very goal. For instance, “you planned a certain event” means you only performed a duty. However, you can considerably augment your CV by writing “I raised $200,000 by selli ng tickets to 500 persons in a charity event.” Now, can you see the difference. Planning an event is not a big deal. Everyone can do that.But not many people can raise thousands of dollars for a charity in an event. In this case, your ability to influence people to attain a particular goal is what sets you apart from other candidates with similar skills, experience and abilities.It is important to explain everything you did in detail because you want to tell hiring managers about you he does not already know. Most of the hiring managers already know what duties are associated with a certain job or role.For instance, they know that duties of an admin assistant involve answering phone calls, providing customer service and managing files etc. You will not do any favor to yourself by putting these duties on your resume.You actually need to sell yourself by painting a picture of your abilities. You can do this only by highlighting your achievements in your application rather than focus ing only on your responsibilities.Once you understand the difference, you will find it very easy to write a professional CV. It will enable you to put your duties and achievements in their appropriate places on your resume.You will be able to create a CV with the ability that can move the hiring manager and compel him to hire you.On the contrary, you can make some serious mistakes in your resume if you still have not grasped the basic difference between responsibilities and accomplishments.It can make you look less professional and competent than you actually are, seriously damaging your chances of landing a job.IS IT POSSIBLE TO CONVERT RESUME DUTIES INTO ACCOMPLISHMENTS?This is the most common questions candidates ask to hiring experts. Can they successfully and effectively convert their job duties to achievements?The answer is a big yes.You can successfully accomplish this important task if you are little more careful while creating your CV.You can effortlessly determine what you r achievements are if you closely go through all of your duties and responsibilities. It is impossible to convert every duty to an achievement but you will be able to convert most of them fairly easily.It is worth mentioning that you usually write job duties in a straightforward manner, plainly explaining what you were supposed to do in your previous roles.For instance, you can suggest you provided support to a department or an individual or you planned events and attended important business meetings with clients in simple words.However, you must narrate your accomplishment using more fancy words such as met, implemented, devised, attained, accomplished, introduced, approved, increased, delivered, improved, saved, reduced, negotiated and developed along with many more.THE TYPE OF ACHIEVEMENTS YOU SHOULD INCLUDE IN YOUR CVIt is hard to keep track of your achievements in today’s faced paced business world. You are so busy in your day to day duties that you just cannot remember what you have achieved despite achieving a lot.You happen to be totally at loss when it is time to recall all of your achievements and put them on your resume.You feel like you haven’t accomplished anything and as a result, you fill your resume only with your duties. Achievements You Should TrackYou actually need to track each and every of your achievements. Whether it is the successful completion of projects to any award or commendation you received, it should be on your resume.Similarly, you can also list your major accomplishments, recognitions and past awards which are not directly associated to the role you are applying for.They will in fact highlight your qualities and abilities which employers want to have in their employees.Following are some of the achievements you should always put on your resume.Financial GoalsYou need to include all the financial goals you attained with all the analytics and results. Track all the financial targets you achieved and how you achieved them.Sim ilarly, use analytics and facts to further highlight your success.Resolving Difficult SituationsHave you ever worked through difficult situations with coworkers? If yes, you must reference it on your resume.Don’t go berserk lest you cover valuable space on curriculum vitae.Just explain in a single sentence what course of action you took to resolve the problem.Completing Tasks on TimeIt is never easy to complete tasks and projects on time. Therefore, if you have managed to complete them on time and within specified budget, it should be considered your greatest achievement. You can include details of the projects you successfully completed, both big and small, on your resume.Overcoming Pressure SituationsYou can really be a good employee if you have the ability to meet your goals by overcoming pressure situations. Employers value such employees a lot and want to have them in their teams.Therefore, you should tell them that you are one such employee and can be a great asset for their organization.Exceeding ExpectationsYou also need to keep track of the situations when you exceeded expectations and how you did that. Organizations always want to have employees who are willing to do more than what is expected of them.Highlight Leadership SkillsYou also need to highlight your leadership and administrative skills on your resume.Therefore, if you held any such position in the past such as being a member of a board or leading a team, you must mention it on your CV regardless of the type of organization or industry.Awards and RecognitionsWinning awards means you have the ability to excel in any work environment. They show your worth and how others, especially management, perceive of you.Mentioning awards on the resume can considerably increase your chances of success especially if they are from a relevant industry or organization.An example of the award you might have won is the “Employee of the Year Award.”Similarly, you should also think of the times other praise d you. What you did and why it was so special. Describe your approach and what the end results were.Making ImprovementsDid you introduce a better system of working or completing tasks? Did you improve the work environment as a whole? What was your idea and how you persuaded others to implement it? It does not necessarily have to be anything big but should be able to demonstrate your experience and skills to the recruiter.For instance, you might have introduced paperless environment, reducing the consumption of the paper in the office and related expenditures.Employers and hiring managers actually love to see these kinds of things in a candidate’s resume. They show that you are not only able to do the job but to do it in the best manner possible.It also highlights that you are a confident person with the ability to think and take actions at your own.Additional ResponsibilitiesYou can show how committed, dedicated and ambitious you are if you mention any extra responsibilities you f ulfilled in your previous organizations. It also reflects your true potential, making it easier for the interviewer to hire you. One way of taking additional responsibilities is promotion.However, it is mostly not in your own hands. Therefore, emphasize on any new practices you introduced in the workplace, how you helped others to complete their projects or why you became employees’ representative.It also shows that you are capable of taking responsibility and pressure.TURNING YOUR DUTIES INTO ACCOMPLISHMENTS  Now, you have fully understood the difference between resume duties and accomplishments. You also have fairly good idea of what type of accomplishments to include in your resume.Now, it is time to discuss how you can further revamp your CV by turning most of your responsibilities into achievements. Following lines explain how you can perform this important duty.Know the DifferenceWe have already explained the difference between the resume responsibilities and accomplishment s in detail. However, this is the most important step towards creating a really nice and result oriented curriculum vitae.You can only create a winning CV if you grasp this difference otherwise your CV will not be able to compete with more professionally written and formatted resumes.Make a List of Your AccomplishmentsThe next step is to make a list of all of your accomplishments you can think of. In the previous section, we have talked about some of the accomplishments you can include in your resume.You may or may not need to list all of them on your CV depending upon the job and the nature of organization you are applying for.However, do mention all of your accomplishments which set you apart from rest of the candidates.For instance, you can talk about the following for each of your previous positions.Have I done anything which was beyond and above my job description?How I was better than other employees? What made me stand out of the crowd?Did my supervisor ever recognize me for my good performance? If yes, when and how?As mentioned above, you want to talk about all of your awards and recognition if you have won any.Did I improve the working environment by introducing and implementing new processes?What particular problems I solved which others failed to even identify?Did I meet goals or exceed expectations consistently over a period of time?Did I ever help my company save money by cutting extra expenditures?Why was I really great at my job? What are my skills and abilities which helped me excell in a certain role?Use Numbers to Pain the PictureThe third step is to thoroughly examine your list and try to add as many facts, figures and numbers you can.How many people you were able to influence and impact during your time in a certain organization? By what percentage you improved the productivity or the profits of the company? By what percentage you exceeded the expectations of your seniors?Specify the exact amount of money you managed or saved instead of sim ply saying you managed the company’s budget.Painting the pictures with numbers is one of the best methods to enable hiring managers to visualize how you can help their company prosper and reach highest levels of success.They will also understand how passionate you are about your job and the level of energy you need to perform duties associated with the job you have applied for. Talk about BenefitsThe fourth step is to analyze how much your boss or company benefited from each of your accomplishment or achievement.This is important because you will be telling your prospective employers what you are capable of doing. How beneficial your experience and skills can be for them if they hire you?You need to remember they will only hire you if you have something in you for them.The moment they realize you are just another ordinary candidate, they will simply ignore your application and divert their attention to other better candidates.For instance, it is suicidal to write, “You prepared 30 clients reports each month.” This statement does not reflect what you actually did or how you helped you previous employer achieve his objectives. You need to explain this little further.For example, you can say, “Ensured the provision of complete and timely information to our valued clients by creating and preparing 30 weekly and monthly clients reports.”This particular statement will inform the hiring manager about your real talent. He will learn that you are resourceful and can find different ways to facilitate the company’s clients and provide them with high quality services.You actually tell the hiring manager that you are capable to bring more tangible things to the company if you include benefits of your previous actions in the resume.Do List Volunteer Work ExperienceAny volunteer experience you had in the past is part of your achievements because it was beyond your responsibilities and duties.In fact, listing such type of experience can greatly boast your resume i f you are a newbie or short of experience related to the position you have applied for. It can actually give additional insight about you to the hiring managers as well.For instance, if you mention in your resume that you managed three charity events last year or collected funds for the victims of Hurricane Michael, you will actually be highlighting your excellent managerial and communication skills to the recruiters.In fact, it is important to have a separate section for your volunteer experience just like your normal job duties in case of a paid job. Don’t forget to write the name of the organization you did volunteer work for in addition to your title, date of service and your accomplishments.It is also important for novices to sign up for volunteer experience because it can further enhance their achievement section.Even if you are stuffing envelopes, putting flyers on the walls or distributing brochures, you have something new to write on your CV, making it better than it orig inally was. Not to mention, you will hopefully have a rewarding and fulfilling experience as well.Also Include Immeasurable AchievementsThere are times when you cannot measure your achievements in hard numbers. For instance, you have managed to smoothly run a crowded office for a prolonged period of time.Or, you assumed the duties of phone troubleshooting, relieving some of the pressure on IT department.You ensured that bills are sent to the clients on time by completely revamping the company’s billing system. These are some of the immeasurable goals you can attain in any office.However, you can list all of these achievements in your CV and they will have exactly the same effect on recruiters as measurable achievements.Include Achievements outside the WorkplaceYou can also take on projects and duties outside your scope of work to acquire new skills and enhance you repertoire. These activities and projects can help you grow in powerful ways.Therefore, it is imperative for you to me ntion them on your resume as well. Although work related experiences carry more weight yet things you achieved outside your workplace can greatly boast your resume as well. CONCLUSIONRemember that duties and accomplishment vary from industry to industry and job description to job description.You need to understand the subtle difference in order to make your resume more attractive and appealing to the recruiters.They both are equally important and should be presented effectively and temptingly in their own sections on the resume.Only then you will be able to impress the recruiter and compel him to hire you.

Saturday, May 23, 2020

Film Review On The Film Cinema - 1673 Words

Throughout the history of cinema, a never-ending evolution in technological progression – paired with filmmakers’ resourcefulness and ingenuity – allowed for the development of style and encouraged a more involved craft, thus giving individual films a specific personality which therefore eased the process of discerning which piece of cinema was created by which filmmaker. Because of the progress made in film technology, especially early on, certain aspects of filmmaking that once were inconceivable (camera movement, Foley, CGI) are often employed in the films that audiences view today. Although, while the evolution of technology may be linear, it cannot be assumed that quality of film follows the same trend. Instead, a filmmaker’s skill†¦show more content†¦Early cinema from filmmakers Dickson and Edison included unadorned, naturalistic depictions of â€Å"well-known sports stars, excerpts from well-respected vaudeville performances, or entertain ment by dancers and acrobats† (Bordwell 8). While the available technology of the time did in fact limit Dickson’s and Edison’s films,) modern or developed technology would be incapable of improving them because of their jejune nature – they did not call for anything more sophisticated. Nevertheless, the creation of the Cinà ©matographe in the 1890s gave filmmakers the ability to shoot on location instead of being restricted to in-studio shoots. Although, the freedom to record in a variety of new locations did not create better movies, but it instead opened the door of opportunity for films like the Lumià ¨re brother’s L Arrivà ©e d un train en gare de La Ciotat and Tables Turned on the Gardener, whose creation would not have been possible if the production was constrained to a studio. With the Cinà ©matographe, options for production were expanded for the film community, which therefore allowed for filmmakers to utilize the technique that was most effective for their piece, whether it be a studio space with controlled lighting thanks to Dickson and Edison or the ability to shoot at a specific location

Tuesday, May 12, 2020

The Planners by Boey Kim Cheng - 836 Words

The Planners Boey Kim Cheng Andrew Annear and Edward Scrimgeour Biographical details †¢ Boey Kim Cheng was born in Singapore in 1965. He received his Bachelor of Arts and Masters of Arts degrees in English Literature from the National University of Singapore. †¢ Worked for some time in America as a probation officer †¢ Disillusioned with the state of literary and cultural politics in Singapore, Boey left for Sydney with his wife in 1996. †¢ in Australia, Boey completed his Ph.D. studies with the University of Macquarie. Boey is currently an Australian citizen and teaches creative writing at the University of Newcastle. Literary History †¢ In 1987, Boey won first prize at the National University of Singapore Poetry Competition†¦show more content†¦Ã¢â‚¬Å"permutations† can be seen to offer many options or seen as confined compared to infinite arrangements in nature. â€Å"gridded† describes the layout as well of implying that creativity is confined, boxed in. †¢ Planning is seen as a way of shutting out nature attempting to remove the uncertainty it brings. â€Å"the sea draws back and the skies surrender.† can be viewed with a touch of irony implying that nature is afraid of human expansion, giving it an attribute nature can not/does not possess. †¢ Describes what the planners do. Giving the image of everything in prefect order â€Å"meet at desired points† †¢ The author excludes himself, from the planners through repeating â€Å"they† (twice) although every person plays their role in the collective city. This also views them objectively making them appear harsh, thinking and organised, but without love or compassion. †¢ Alliteration: â€Å"skies surrender Analysis-Stanza Two †¢ Imagery of dentistry, an exact science. â€Å"dental dexterity†, â€Å"gaps are plugged with gleaming gold†, â€Å"wears perfect rows of shining teeth† †¢ The dentist imagery moves onto â€Å"anaesthesia† and the numbing of pain associated with dentistry †¢ â€Å"drilling† can provide a link between the metaphor and the actual actions of the planners. †¢ Moves away from describing the planners goals, and more towards how they are viewed. †¢ Alliteration: â€Å"dental dexterity† â€Å"gleaming gold† †¢ â€Å"They have it all soShow MoreRelatedThe Planners(Boey Kim Cheng)-Analysis1373 Words   |  6 PagesTHE PLANNERS The poet of the poem â€Å"The Planners†, Boey Kim Cheng, uses many techniques, including but not limited to an extended metaphor and personification, to effectively communicate his views on the planners. In the beginning of the poem, the poet states what the planners do. â€Å"They plan. They build. All spaces are gridded,† shows that the planners are very organized. The word â€Å"permutations† shows that each space is tightly packed to its full potential by the planners. â€Å"The buildings are inRead MoreAnalysis Of Margaret Atwood s The City Planners 1101 Words   |  5 Pages Margaret Atwood uses the aspect of tone in her poem ‘The City Planners’ to create a voice which speaks about her negative views on urbanisation and perfection. She opens the poem, â€Å"Cruising these residential Sunday streets in dry August sunlight†.The tone created here by Atwood is calm and peaceful shown by the word ‘cruising’ and sunlight portraying the warmth and relaxation. The next line reads, â€Å"what offends us is the sanities†. The tone changes dramatically to a deeper, dark side and speaksRead MoreHow do the poets convey their disapproval of the strong impact that modernization has on Singapore?900 Words   |  4 PagesThe Planners’ and ‘remembering trees’, their respective poems, Boey Kim Cheng and Joshua Yap, have expressed their disappointment that modernization that have affected countless people. Not everybody wants to perfect their country for the better and let their memories slip away. Both poets reve al their feelings of lost behind the contrasting structure and literary devices of their homeland, Singapore. Boey conveys his disapproval by expressing his disgust towards the attitudes of the planners andRead MoreThe City Planners954 Words   |  4 PagesThe City Planners, Margaret Atwood In this poem, the poet attacks the sterile uniformity of residential suburbs. Notice that she never mentions people. ‘What offends us is the sanities’ Sanity is defined as being reasonable and of sound mind; she is referring to ‘pedantic houses’, sanitary trees’ and things that she considers to be overly controlled or constructed. She does not approve. In stanza 2, she lists ‘certain things’ that give momentary access to the landscape†¦Ã¢â‚¬â„¢ The imagesRead MorePoems: City Planners15330 Words   |  62 PagesThe Poems analysed are: The City Planners, Margaret Atwood and The Planners, Boey Kim Cheng. These are taken from the IGCSE Cambridge Poetry Anthology, but may be interesting for unseen poetry too. Question Set How do these poets use language and structure to get across their theme? I wrote this in about half an hour. Both poems are very similar, and have the same topic - City Planning - as shown in their titles. Structurally, they are different though, and the tone differs in places. IveRead MoreLiterature Marking Scheme9477 Words   |  38 PagesCurnow, ‘Continuum’ Edwin Muir, ‘Horses’ Judith Wright, ‘Hunting Snake’ Ted Hughes, ‘Pike’ Christina Rossetti, ‘A Birthday’ Dante Gabriel Rossetti, ‘The Woodspurge’ Kevin Halligan, ‘The Cockroach’ Margaret Atwood, ‘The City Planners’ Boey Kim Cheng, ‘The Planners’ Norman MacCaig, ‘Summer Farm’ Elizabeth Brewster, ‘Where I Come From’ William Wordsworth, ‘Sonnet Composed Upon Westminster Bridge’ Songs of Ourselves: The University of Cambridge International Examinations Anthology of Poetry

Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Why christains believe god is present in our lives. Free Essays

Catholics believe that God Is present In our lives through rituals. Catholics believe that doing the sign of the cross is a significant way to start a conversation with God by putting yourself In the presence of God. Also by attending mass It Is declaring that they belong to God and want to obey him and when Catholics go to receive transubstantiation Catholics are accepting the suffering that Christ has done for us. We will write a custom essay sample on Why christains believe god is present in our lives. or any similar topic only for you Order Now Catholics also believe that God is present in our lives through ethics. Catholic ethics come from the 10 commandments, it is important that we know the everlasting laws f God and what they mean such as â€Å"thou shall not steal† means that we shouldn’t steal because it is disrespectful and we should respect others property as we wool like done to us. Another moral is â€Å"thou shall not harm† because humans are a creation of God and if we harm others or ourselves we are destroying Gods creation and â€Å"thou shall not bear false witness† means to not lie about one self of anyone else. All of these ethics come under respect one self and one another. Why Catholics think It Is Important Is that acting morally with the Infinite laws of God, which are so Inspiring to most people that even those who do not know anything of God follow In the path of morality. Catholic believe strongly that God Is present in our lives though practice of individual experience such as baptism. Baptism is significant to the catholic community and faith because to that person getting baptized it represents the start of that person and God’s relationship. This individual experience is very similar to conformation, it is similar because conformation In the Catholic Church represents growing up and creating a stronger bond between the person and God. Another individual experience is reconciliation in the Catholic Church, reconciliation is significant in the Catholic Church because â€Å"only God can forgive and cleanse sins away and allowing God to guide that individual through very tough times with making that bond with god and that individual stronger. Catholics believe that God Is present In our lives through rituals. Catholics believe that doing the sign of the cross Is a gallants way to start a conversation with God by putting yourself In the presence of God. Also by attending mass It Is declaring that they belong to God and want to obey him and when Catholics go to receive transubstantiation Catholics are accepting the suffering that Christ has done for us. Catholics also believe that God is present in our lives through ethics. Catholic ethics come from the 10 commandments, it is important that we know the everlasting laws of God and what they mean such as â€Å"thou shall not steal† means that we shouldn’t steal because it is disrespectful and we should respect others property as we wool like done to us. Another moral is â€Å"thou hall not harm† because humans are a creation of God and if we harm others or ourselves we are destroying Gods creation and â€Å"thou shall not bear false witness† means to not Ill about one self of anyone else. All of these ethics come under respect one self and one another. Why Catholics think It Is Important Is that acting morally with the Infinite laws of God, which are so Inspiring to most people that even those who do not know anything of God follow in the path of morality. Catholic believe such as baptism. Baptism is significant to the catholic community and faith because o that person getting baptized it represents the start of that person and God’s relationship. This individual experience is very similar to conformation, it is similar because conformation in the Catholic Church represents growing up and creating a stronger bond between the person and God. Another individual experience is reconciliation in the Catholic Church, reconciliation is significant in the Catholic Church because â€Å"only God can forgive and cleanse sins away’ and allowing God to guide that individual through very tough times with making that bond with god and that individual stronger. How to cite Why christains believe god is present in our lives., Papers

Sunday, May 3, 2020

Australian Business Sustainabilit Report

Question: Describe about the Australian Business Sustainabilit Report. Answer: Introduction G4 GRI Guidelines offers guidance in a user friendly manner and helps in improving the technical quality of the guidelines, so as to eliminate the chances of ambiguity and diverse interpretations, so that it benefits the users and reports of such information, in a uniform manner. These guidelines help in focusing upon what matters and where it matters. These guidelines also enable the identification of the critical matters which have to be managed and changed, and if the entity is ready to manage such matters or not. Further, these guidelines are focused on the material sustainability related issues. Wesfarmers Comparison Corporate Governance and Social Responsibility Issues Corporate Governance refers to the practices, standards, and rules, which a company has to follow, to ensure that the company works in a justified manner. Corporate Governance involves social responsibility and relates to balance of the interests of the various stakeholders, including the customers, financiers, shareholders, management, community, as well as, the government. Corporate governance includes the decisions made by the management of the company and often involves a lot of issues with it. The Board of the company has been committed in providing satisfactory returns to its stakeholders, as well as, fulfilling the obligations, along with the responsibilities associated with corporate governance, in the best interest of the company. The company is working towards ensuring that the composition of the Board has the appropriate mix of skills, as well as, is as per the corporate governance standards. The company has to face issues regarding the independent status of one of its directors and had to review the position as well as relationship of all of its directors (Wesfarmers, 2015). The company also complies with the Corporate Governance Principles and Recommendations issued by the ASX Corporate Governance Councils third edition (Wesfarmers, 2015). Wesfarmers is affected by various material sustainability issues. To help the social issues, the company supports the local communities, especially in cases of natural disasters. Further, to monitor the quality issues related to the products of the company, the company offers Greener Work Place, as well as measures the delivered in-full on time. Other issues relating to the matter of corporate governance and social responsibility relates to the inherent risk associated with the operations of Wesfarmers, for instance, the safety incidents, the supply chain issues, and the products-services liability risks. The company is constantly engaged with its stakeholders to understand the issues which affect them (Wesfarmers, 2015). These issues are addressed and the progress is reported in the sustainability report of the company. The sustainability issues are managed by the Board of the company at divisional level and are regularly reported. In the following parts, these issues affecting the various stakeholders of the company, in line of the G4 GRE Guidelines have been highlighted. G4 GRI Guidelines followed by the company The company has been following a range of G4 GRI Guidelines (Wesfarmers, 2015). The level of self-adherence of these guidelines has been summarized below: Category Aspect GRI G4 Guidelines Economic Economic Performance G4-DMA and G4-EC1 Market Presence G4-DMA and G4-EC5 Environmental Energy G4-DMA and G4-EN5 Water G4-DMA and G4-EN8 Biodiversity G4-DMA and G4-EN11 Emissions G4-DMA, G4-EN15, G4-EN16, and G4-EN17 Effluents And Waste G4-DMA and G4-EN23 Products And Services G4-DMA and G4-EN27 Compliance G4-DMA and G4-EN29 Transport G4-DMA and G4-EN30 Overall G4-DMA and G4-EN31 Supplier Environmental Assessment G4-DMA and G4-EN33 Environmental Grievance Mechanisms G4-DMA and G4-EN34 Social: Labor Practices And Decent Work Employment G4-DMA and G4- LA1 Labor/Management Relations G4-DMA and G4- LA4 Occupational Health And Safety G4-DMA and G4- LA6 Training And Education G4-DMA and G4- LA10 Diversity And Equal Opportunity G4-DMA and G4- LA12 Equal Remuneration For Women And Men G4-DMA and G4- LA13 Supplier Assessment For Labor Practices G4-DMA and G4- LA15 Social: Human Rights Investment G4-DMA and G4- HR2 Freedom Of Association And Collective Bargaining G4-DMA and G4- HR4 Child Labor G4-DMA and G4- HR5 Forced Or Compulsory Labor G4-DMA and G4- HR6 Supplier Human Rights Assessment G4-DMA and G4- HR11 Social: Society Public Policy G4-DMA and G4- SO6 Anti-Competitive Behavior G4-DMA and G4- SO7 Compliance G4-DMA and G4- SO8 Social: Product Responsibility Customer Health And Safety G4-DMA and G4- PR1 Product And Service Labeling G4-DMA and G4- PR3 Marketing Communications G4-DMA and G4- PR6 Compliance G4-DMA and G4- PR9 (Wesfarmers, 2015) Comparison between the Reports of 2014 and 2015 The level of adherence of these guidelines for the year 2014 and 2015 has been summarized below. A comparison has also been made, along with the comments on the noncompliance of the particular guidelines. Category 2014 (Wesfarmers, 2014) 2015 (Wesfarmers, 2015) Comparison and Remarks Economic The company is responsible for providing employment to one out of 55 Australians. The company earns 98% of its revenues from the country, as well as, 75% of the shares of the company on issue, are held in the country (Wesfarmers, 2014). The company had employed 207282 people till June 2014. The statistics reveal that for the year 2014, the company had made direct contributions amounting to 44.6 million dollars and the indirect contributions amounting to 50.8 million dollars (Wesfarmers, 2014). This makes the community contributions, by the Wesfarmers group as 95.4 million dollars (Wesfarmers, 2014). The company meets the very basic needs of the community by providing food, tools, as well as, clothing to the community. The company is responsible for providing employment to one out of 59 Australians (Wesfarmers, 2015). The company has been paying taxes regularly and also provides the necessary support to the nonprofit organizations. The company earns 98% of its revenues from the country, as well as, 80% of the shares of the company on issue, are held in the country (Wesfarmers, 2015). This creates a major positive impact on the economy of Australia, along with contributing to the other economies. The company paid $43,045 million to the suppliers, in addition to the wages and salaries, where the company paid more than $7,830 million to its 205000 employees. Further, the company paid $1,578 million in royalties, taxes, and levies, and $2,246 million in dividends to our 500,000 shareholders (Wesfarmers, 2015). The company has contributed $50 million to community organizations which equals to 1.5 per cent of profit before income tax. Further, the company has assisted in donations from employees and customers, which totals to $52.7 million (Wesfarmers, 2015). The statistics reveal that for the year 2015, the company had made direct contributions amounting to 50 million dollars and the indirect contributions amounting to 52.9 million dollars. This makes the community contributions, by the Wesfarmers group as 102.9 million dollars (Wesfarmers, 2015). A special attention is paid in the matters like gender diversity, as well as, the inclusion of the Indigenous people. The company has increased the share of providing employment to the people. Further, the company has also increased the share on issue within the country. The company is regularly paying special attention to the matters like gender diversity, as well as, the inclusion of the Indigenous people. So, in comparison to 2014, in the year 2015, the company has maintained and excelled at its the G4 GRI Guidelines. Environmental The company noticed a decrease in the emissions intensity, along with increasing the activities of recycling. The Scope 1 and 2 emissions intensity showed a decrease by eight per cent as compared to 2013. The green house emissions by Coles decreased this year, but the emissions at Target increased by 6.8 per cent. The company is also trying to reduce the usage of water, along with finding more sustainable sources of water (Wesfarmers, 2014). The company monitors and manages its greenhouse gas emissions, along with the possibility of reducing them. The company has realized the importance of reducing waste creates not only environmental benefits, but benefits for the business as well. And so, the company has taken steps to divert its waste to recycling throughout the entire life cycle of the product. The company is also trying to reduce the usage of water, along with finding more sustainable sources of water. The company has taken steps to protect the biodiversity. In order to manage this, the company has established an offset area at Mt Flora, so as to compensate the loss of 220 hectares to the ecological community. The Scope 1 and 2 emissions (CO2e) totaled to 4,011,584. The Scope 33 emissions (CO2e) contained the transport emissions at 13000, the air travel at 27337, the waste at 154701, the transmission and distribution of electricity at 474,622, and the LPG, natural gas and diesel at 103,110. The Equity proportion of joint venture businesses (CO2e) were reported at 275140. And the Emissions intensity (CO2e/$1 million revenue) was at 64.2 (Wesfarmers, 2015). There was a one percent decrease in the Scope 1 and 2 emissions (CO2e). The Scope 33 emissions (CO2e) are not comparable directly as the transport emissions were not included last year. If the transport emissions are excluded, there is a seven percent decrease in these emissions. There has been a four percent increase in t the Equity proportion of joint venture businesses (CO2e). And the Emissions intensity (CO2e/$1 million revenue) reported a one percent decrease. So, it can be seen that the emission intensity of the company has decreased overall. The Company is continuously trying to reduce the usage of water, along with finding more sustainable sources of water. Social Labor Practices and Decent Work: The Total Recordable injury frequency rate was 42.7 this year. The Lost time injury frequency rate for this year was 7.7 percent. The workers compensation claims for 2014 were 6940 (Wesfarmers, 2014). Labor Practices and Decent Work: As covered above, the company provides employment to one out of every 59 people in Australia. 59 percent of the wealth of the company is distributed in terms of wages, benefits and salaries to the employees. The safety of the workplace is the highest priority for the company. The Total Recordable injury frequency rate was 39.5 this year. The Lost time injury frequency rate for this year was 7.3 percent. The workers compensation claims for 2015 were 7462 (Wesfarmers, 2015). Labor Practices and Decent Work: There has been a 7.5 percent improvement in the Total Recordable injury frequency rate. The Lost time injury frequency rate was reduced by 5.2 percent. The workers compensation claims decreased by 7 percent. The company failed to provide the breakdown of its employee turnover as per age group; the breakdown of Total Recordable injury frequency rate and the Lost time injury frequency rate; and the aggregate ratio. Human Rights: The company focused towards improving the ethical sourcing of its products. This was done by strengthening the supply chain, as well as, increasing the transparency. Human Rights: The company sources its products from a wide range of location. Some of these nations follow lower levels of regulations and hence, the company is vigilant regarding the associated risks. The company also follows an ethical sourcing policy by setting minimum standards. Human Rights: The company failed to provide the percentage of the employees it trained. Society: The company complies with all the laws, as well as, regulations of all the countries, in which it conducts its business and acts in an ethical way. The anti-bribery policy of the company prohibits the political donations at both business unit, as well as, divisional level. If any such contributions are made, they are thoroughly published on the website of the company. And for the year 2014, no such contributions were made. The company also considers the needs and the interests of its stakeholders. Society: The policy remained same in 2015. The Company incurred significant fine to the amount of $10 million in penalty by the ACCC for Supplier Unconscionable Conduct, along with a $2.5 million penalty for ACCC/bread litigation case (Wesfarmers, 2015). Society: The compliance levels have been same in both the years. Though, the significant fines were incurred in certain cases in the year 2015, which was not the case in 2014. This implies that the level of compliance has been breached in 2015. Product Responsibility: The company has continued the innovation of the range of its products, as well as, its categories across all businesses. The company is also committed towards delivering safe and sustainable products, as well as, services to its customers. Product Responsibility: Even though there are minimal particular legal requirements for the restrictive use of chemicals in production, the company has decided to adopt a range of such aspects of the European Community Regulation. Coles had a significant fine to the amount of $38,250 for incorrect importation classification of cat litter (Wesfarmers, 2015). Product Responsibility: The company failed to provide the percentage of the categories of the products. In comparison to 2014, the company incurred significant fine in 2015, so, in this aspect also, the company has declined. Other Issues The company submitted this report for the GRI Content Index Service. The accuracy of the GRI G4 Content Index was then, confirmed by the GRI. Since, the reported was directly confirmed by GRI, the need for assurance, does not arise. The sustainability report for both 2014 and 2015 did not cover clear and defined targets. Further, this report was not user friendly, as a person had to toggle between lots of windows to find the relevant information, pertaining to a particular guideline. And even after that, some of the information was not available easily and had to be searched from the Annual Report. Though, the company has covered all the relevant applicable guidelines which are applicable on it. Fuji Xerox Comparison Different Guidelines in the 2015 Report compared to the 2014 Report The Guidelines followed by the company, in 2014 (Australia) and 2015 (Japan), have been compared below: Category Aspect GRI G4 Guidelines 2014 (Australia) (Fuji Xerox, 2014) 2015 (Japan) (Fuji Xerox, 2015) Economic Economic performance G4-EC1, and G4-DMA Followed Followed G4-EC2, G4-EC3, and G4-EC4 Not Followed Followed Procurement practices G4-EC9, and G4-DMA Followed Followed Indirect Economic Impacts G4-DMA, G4-EC7, and G4-EC8 Not Followed Followed Environmental Materials G4-DMA, G4-EN1, and G4-EN2 Not Followed Followed Energy G4-DMA, G4-EN3, and G4-EN6 Not Followed Followed Water G4-DMA, G4-EN8 Not Followed Followed Biodiversity G4-DMA, G4-EN11, and G4-EN12 Not Followed Followed Emissions G4-DMA, G4-EN15, G4-EN16, G4-EN17, G4-EN18, G4-EN19, G4-EN20, and G4-EN21 Not Followed Followed Effluents and Waste G4-DMA, G4-EN22, G4-EN23, G4-EN24, and G4-EN26 Not Followed Followed Products and Services G4-DMA, G4-EN27, and G4-EN28 Not Followed Followed Compliance G4-DMA, and G4-EN29 Not Followed Followed Overall G4-DMA, and G4-EN31 Not Followed Followed Transport G4-EN30 Followed Followed Supplier environmental assessment G4-EN32 Followed Not Followed G4-EN33 Followed Environmental Grievance Mechanisms G4-DMA, and G4-EN34 Not Followed Followed Social: Product responsibility Product and service labeling G4-PR5, G4-DMA Followed Followed G4-DMA, G4-PR3, and G4-PR4 Not Followed Customer Health and Safety G4-DMA, G4-PR1, and G4-PR2 Not Followed Followed Marketing Communications G4-DMA, G4-PR6, and G4-PR7 Not Followed Followed Customer Privacy G4-DMA, and G4-PR8 Not Followed Followed Compliance G4-DMA, and G4-PR9 Not Followed Followed Social: Labor practices and decent work Supplier assessment for labor practices G4-LA15, and G4-DMA Followed Followed G4-LA14 Not Followed Training and education G4-LA11, G4-LA10, and G4-DMA Followed Followed Diversity and equal opportunity G4-LA12 and G4-DMA Followed Followed Equal remuneration for women and men G4-LA13, and G4-DMA Followed Followed Employment G4-DMA, G4-LA1, G4-LA2, and G4-LA3 Not Followed Followed Labor/Management Relations G4-DMA, and G4-LA4 Not Followed Followed Occupational health and safety G4-DMA, G4-LA5, and G4-LA6 Followed Followed G4-LA8 Not Followed Labor Practices Grievance Mechanisms G4-DMA, and G4-LA16 Not Followed Followed Social : Human rights Non-discrimination G4-DMA, and G4-HR3 Followed Followed Freedom of Association and Collective Bargaining G4-DMA, and G4-HR4 Not Followed Followed Child Labor G4-DMA, and G4-HR5 Not Followed Followed Forced or Compulsory Labor G4-DMA, and G4-HR6 Not Followed Followed Assessment G4-DMA, and G4-HR9 Not Followed Followed Supplier Human Rights Assessment G4-DMA, G4-HR10 and G4-HR11 Not Followed Followed Human Rights Grievance Mechanisms G4-DMA, and G4-HR12 Not Followed Followed Social: Society Local Communities G4-DMA, SO1, SO2 Not Followed Followed Anti-corruption G4-DMA, SO3, SO4, and SO5 Not Followed Followed Public Policy G4-DMA, and SO6 Not Followed Followed Anti-competitive Behavior G4-DMA, and SO7 Not Followed Followed Compliance G4-DMA, and SO8 Not Followed Followed Supplier Assessment for Impacts on Society G4-DMA, SO09 and SO10 Not Followed Followed Grievance Mechanisms for Impacts on Society G4-DMA, and SO11 Not Followed Followed Factors causing the differences in reports produced in Australia (2014) and Japan (2015) The G4 GRI Guidelines are company specific, industry specific, and country specific. The business of each company varies from the other, in some aspect or the other. These aspects result in a difference in the adherence to the guidelines. Further, the decisions of the senior management, as well as, the strategies of the companies, influence which guidelines would be adopted by it (Salter Baxter, 2012). The strategic priorities, along with the targets of the firm, also have an impact on the selection of these guidelines (GRI, 2016). The nature of the work of a company, also changes the adherence to these guidelines. For instance, a vehicle manufacturing company would have to follow different guidelines, as compared to a food manufacturing company. Organizations have a range of topics, which they could report. The relevant topics would be such that reflect the entitys economic, environmental, as well as, the social impacts on the stakeholders. Materiality is the starting point, according to which the Aspects become adequately significant, in a way that the need of reporting them, arises. A blend of the external, as well as, internal factors determines whether the Aspect is material (GRI, 2016). This includes the factors like the mission, vision, competitive strategy, concerns of stakeholders, social expectations, and the influence of the entity on the suppliers, as well as the customers. The second factor that influences the applicability of these guidelines is the industry. The type of the industry also has an impact over the applicability of these guidelines (GRI, 2016). For example, the polluting industry would have different guidelines applicable on it as compared to a non polluting industry. The last factor, the one applicable in this case, is the country specific guidelines. Even though the G4 GRI Guidelines are uniform across the globe, but each country has a different set of applicable legislations (GRI, 2016). And so, depending upon such applicability, these guidelines apply on the company. The sustainability report of Fuji Xerox comparison for 2014, was made in Australia and the sustainability report of Fuji Xerox comparison for 2015, was made in Japan. So, to summarize, the legislations, along with the internal and external factors of the company, are responsible for the difference in the reports produced in Australia (2014) and Japan (2015). Comparison of the sustainability report of 2014 with 2015, in relation to the G4 GRI Guidelines Category 2014 (Fuji Xerox, 2014) 2015 (Fuji Xerox, 2015) Economic The company has grown in the Australian market, from AU$400 million in 1999 to about AU$1 billion in 2014 (Fuji Xerox, 2014). Despite the changes in the industry, the company has improved upon its profitability, as well as, has been successful in creating suitable growth, along with financial stability for the longer run. But the company achieved the consolidated revenues to the amount of AUS$1 billion which was a 3% decline in comparison to previous year (Fuji Xerox, 2014). The community investment amounted to $506412 with 3412 hours of volunteering in order to nurture the future generation. For the year 2014, 57.3 percent of the companys procurement expenditure was on equipment, which equated to AU$580 million, towards the supplies, as well as, consumables. This was the most significant aspect of the companys supply chain (Fuji Xerox, 2014). The consolidated revenue and the consolidated net income before income taxes for this year amounted to 1188.9 billion yen and 91.9 billion yen respectively (Fuji Xerox, 2015). There was a remarkable improvement from the last year in the revenues, as well as, ordinary profits. The goals were set for social contribution spending as this segment noticed a decline as compared to previous year. Though there was an increase in the number of participants compared to the previous year. Environmental For the year 2014, the air freight to the sea freight split was reported at 4.1% to 95.9%, which was a 1.5% improvement as compared to the previous year. Objectives were set for 2015 regarding the procuring responsibly outlook. All of the mills fulfill an annual based environmental questionnaire to meet the ISO 14001 and ISO 9001. Further, these are monitored for compliance as per the labor standards, specially pertaining to the child labor aspects. The paper sold to the customers of Australia, were a 100% FSC carbon neutral, PEFC certified, FSC certified or made out of recycled material (Fuji Xerox, 2014). The company is focused towards recycling as well as reducing the CO2 emissions throughout the life cycle of the products. Social Labor Practices and Decent Work: Out of the 83% of the employees who commenced the annual performance review cycle for this year, only 49% of them could complete the formal review process. 45% of the female and 50% of the male workforce completed these reviews. Further, extensive sales training was undertaken during this year (Fuji Xerox, 2014). Labor Practices and Decent Work: The company has identified its risks and opportunities in this segment, as well as, has set standards to be achieved during the coming fiscal years. Human Rights: During this year, no judgments were made, regarding discrimination, against the company or any of its employees. The few complaints which were received from the employees, including the complaints regarding discrimination, were handled strictly, and appropriate process was taken up to take the necessary actions after determining the facts. Human Rights: The company has identified and outlined a high priority management theme which takes into account the social circumstances, the nature of the business, and the management goals. Society: Society: High priority is placed on the communication as well as monitoring in order to help the management in incorporating the stakeholder evaluations along with the feedback into the management process. Due to stringent ethics and compliance norms, the company is able to fulfill its commitments towards anti-corruption and anti-competitive behavior. Product Responsibility: The company understands the needs of its customers and delivers on its promises. Through these, the company is able to deliver value to its customers and benefiting the environment through the Green Print technologies, as well as, services, sustainable paper supplies together with the new NCOS carbon neutral certified products, as well as, optimized print environments. Product Responsibility: The company has recognized the importance of product safety and has made it an overriding priority. This year also, the company held a product safety forum to eliminate product safety accidents. From the above data, it can be deduced that the 2014 sustainability report prepared in Australia, follows lesser norms as compared to the 2015 sustainability report prepared in Japan. Due to the stringent policies in Japan, the same company has to follow a lot more guidelines. Further, the targets have been more clearly set in the 2015 report, which was clearly missing in the 2014 report. Conclusion Corporate governance, sustainability and social responsibility are interlinked terms and none of it can be used exclusively. Each of these terms intertwines their paths, in one aspect or the other, as was seen in the case of Wesfarmers. The various issues faced by the company, Wesfarmers, included the concepts of not only corporate responsibility, but also interlinked with the G4 GRE Guidelines. From the above analysis, it can be concluded that Wesfarmers has taken a lot of steps, to ensure that it follows, both the principles of corporate governance, as well as the sustainability guidelines. The comparison of the G4 GRE Guidelines by Wesfarmers highlighted the variances in the adoption of the appropriate guidelines. But due to the number of non-compliances, as well as penalties, in the year 2015, by Wesfarmers, it is recommended to the company that it ensures that the guidelines are properly followed. Further, such instances also portray that the principles of corporate governance are not adequately followed, and hence, the company needs to follow these principles in a proper manner, and ensure that the incidents of penalties, are not repeated. From the above analysis of the two companies, it can be concluded that a lot of factors impact the G4 GRI guidelines reporting by a company. A same company, in two different companies can face disparities in the reporting guidelines. Further, the type of the company decides the applicability of the particular guideline on a company. And from the above analysis, it is recommended to the Wesfarmers Limited, to set out particular targets to be achieved regarding the adopted guidelines. Further, the company has to ensure that it follows the guidelines, instead of getting cases established against it, which are detrimental to these guidelines. Fuji Xerox had presented two different reports, due to the change in the nations. Being in different nations, different guidelines are to be followed by the company. To conclude, the reason for variance in the sustainability reporting of Fuji Xerox is the result of the applicability different standards. So, it is it is recommended to Fuji Xerox, to follow the same set of guidelines, throughout all its branches, whether in this country or in Japan. This can be done as the guidelines are uniform across the globe, and so, common guidelines can, in fact, be adopted. Furthermore, Fuji Xerox Australia Pty Limited should set out specific targets as is done by its Japanese counterpart. Reflective Journal This assignment was formulated in a way, so as to test my skills regarding the location, as well as, interpretation of the information. Before starting this assignment, I was under the view that the G4 GRI Guidelines just cover the aspects in a broad and general manner. Further, I was under the impression, that a small report could cover every aspect of this guideline. However, my views were changed when I undertook this assignment. The first thing I learned was the number of disclosures undertaken by a company and the extent of disclosures. Even though the headings state economic, environment and social, but it is more than it. Each aspect had a number of standards to be followed. This assignment helped me in clarifying how the corporate governance issues affect the working of any company. Before starting of this assignment task, I had read many principles of corporate governance, but the practicality of such principles was highlighted only after reading about the issues associated with it, in the case of Wesfarmers. The detail and extent of such issues, and the care taken by the companies to ensure the proper compliance, made me realize the importance of such principles. By analyzing the data of two companies, over two years, especially when one of it had reported the two reports in different countries, has given me an idea about the factors that have an impact on the applicability of these standards. The integration of these guidelines in the functioning of these companies was also worth noting. Though, a huge issue that I encountered while making this assignment was the difficulty in locating the information, especially for the part A of this assignment. The information was not properly presented in case of Wesfarmers, but for Fuji Xerox, the information was easily accessible, as well as, interpretable. By gaining the insights on these guidelines in the working of the companies, I was able to clear my concepts related to the integration of reporting in the Aspects covered under these guidelines. Further, this knowledge would help me in my future jobs, as now I have attained a practical understanding regarding the aspects associated with the sustainability reporting. In the future, when I become a manager, or a part of the higher management, this understanding would help me in applicability of the various regulations and standards followed by the companies. Further, by carrying out real time case study of two companies, I have gained insight on how to resolve the issues associated with sustainability and corporate governance. References Fuji Xerox. (2014) Fuji Xerox Australia Sustainability Report 2014. [Online] Fuji Xerox. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Fuji Xerox. (2014) GRI G4 content index in accordance - Core. [Online] Fuji Xerox. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Fuji Xerox. (2014) Report Centre 2014. [Online] Fuji Xerox. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Fuji Xerox. (2015) GRI Guidelines. [Online] Fuji Xerox. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] GRI. (2016) G4 Sustainability Reporting Guidelines. [Online] GRI. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] GRI. (2016) Materiality. [Online] GRI. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Salter Baxter. (2012) The five things you really need to know about GRI G4. [Online] Salter Baxter. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2014) 2014 Sustainability Report. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2014) Sustainability Report 2014. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2015) 2015 Annual Report. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2015) 2015 Sustainability Report. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2015) GRI G4 Content Index. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2015) Sustainability at Wesfarmers. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16] Wesfarmers. (2015) Sustainability Report 2015. [Online] Wesfarmers. Available from: [Accessed on: 07/10/16]